Birch is among the naturally growing tree species in the northern hemisphere region. It is used in many sectors, including the health sector, for its benefits.
Birch, scientifically called Betula Pendula, contains saponin, essential oils, flavonides and plenty of vitamin C. For this reason, it has many benefits for human health.
What Is a Birch Tree?
Birch tree, which is in the category of birch, is a plant variety belonging to the genus Betula in terms of genus. The tree, which is the most popular among the shrub species, has a very short-lived life. Birch tree, which has approximately 40 varieties, blooms in suitable weather conditions.
When the female flowers of the birch begin to form, they turn into winged and at the same time nut-bearing fruits. Birch can be found in different types, as well as different color options such as yellow, red, brown, white or scarlet.
Birch trees are generally known for their white or colored resinous bark structures. The plant contains essential oils, flavonides, saponin and vitamin C. Birch trees shed their leaves with the arrival of the winter season and have the characteristics of giving shoots.
Birch trees are often seen in parks or gardens. It is possible to see the tree, which can reach an average of 25 meters in height, as an ornamental plant in roadsides, gardens and parks in our country.
Where Does Birch Grow?
Birch is one of the tree species that grows naturally in nature and is known to grow in the Northern Hemisphere as its homeland. The plant, which does not have a long life, does not require special care. However, since it has been used as an ornamental plant recently, it is maintained to have a very aesthetic appearance.
Birch tree is generally found in the Eastern Black Sea and Eastern Anatolia regions of our country. Birch is often referred to as a beech or broom tree in the regions where it is grown. Birch is grown in mountainous regions, in moist places and on acidic soils.
As a result of researches, it has been announced that birch tree has many benefits. The tree, which is known to affect rheumatic pains among the people, is also known to be very effective in blood purification, hair or skin health, urinary infections or diuretic properties.
The buds of the birch tree have a very rich content and have a direct effect on human health with etheric oils, resins and vitamins C in general.
The buds, leaves or bark of the birch tree are generally known as a healing store. In addition, birch wood is used in the treatment of internal or external wounds in the human body today as it was in the past.
Birch tree, which is usually consumed in the form of tea, is also very good for maintaining the regular function of the kidneys and kidney failure.
Birch Tree and Its Properties
Although birch trees are self-grown in nature, they are usually found in white colors. In addition to the many colors of birch, it is possible to see many species. All varieties are found in the northern hemisphere, where birch trees grow.
Birch, which is also seen in our country, more often wart birch, downy birch and black birch varieties are found. In this sense, the black birch tree, which is frequently seen, appears as an ornamental plant on roadsides, gardens and parks.
Birch juice, which is the sap of birch trees and obtained in spring, is known as a nutrient store. In addition to having a clear appearance, birch water is a slightly sweet and colorless liquid. After an average of 2-3 days, they ferment and form an acidic feature.
Birch juice, which is also suitable for consumption on its own, can also be added to syrup, beer, wine and mead. There is also a recent sale of birch juice in bottles. Birch juice is often recommended by dietitians, indicating that it helps to lose weight.